What is Gynaecomastia?
Gynaecomastia is the benign enlargement of the male breast (usually occurs in both breasts but can also occur unilaterally) and can take place at any age. Clinically is defined as the presence of increased glandular tissue extending concentrically beyond the nipple. Gynaecomastia should be differentiated from pseudogynecomastia (lipomastia), which is manifested as fat deposition without glandular proliferation, despite the fact that both conditions may co-exist.
Gynaecomastia is a condition that may cause emotional distress as well as affect male self-confidence. Some men may avoid some physical activities or even avoid finding a partner because they are ashamed of their problem.
The main causes of Gynaecomastia are the following:
- obesity or sudden weight fluctuations
- hormone disorders
- use of certain medicines or substances
Rare causes of Gynaecomastia may be related with:
- organic liver disease (cirrhosis)
- organic kidney disease
- genetic thyroid conditions
- testicular tumours, adrenal gland tumours, breast tumours
- Kleinefelter Syndrome
The Plastic Surgeon who specializes in gynaecomastia correction techniques, through clinical examination and preoperative check, should recognize the cause and the extent of gynaecomastia in order to offer the best result.